Chapter 3: NUMERAL TERMS

3.1....FORMING NUMERAL TERMS: Here are the eleven basic numeral words.

zip
zero
ven
one
teu
two
dree
three
feu
four
foif
five
ses
six
sieven
seven
axt
eight
noin
nine
tien
ten

a) "-tien" suffixed to numeral terms "ven" to "noin" forms the numeral terms for "11" through "19."

ventien
eleven
teutien
twelve
dreetien
thirteen
feutien
fourteen
foiftien
fifteen
sestien
sixteen
sieventien
seventeen
axtien
eighteen
nointien
nineteen

c) The suffix "-eux" multiplies the value of each numeral term "teu" through "noin" by ten, producing these terms:

teuzeux
twenty
dreezeux
thirty
feuzeux
forty
foifeux
fifty
seseux
sixty
sieveneux
seventy
axteux
eighty
noineux
ninety

d) The suffix "-uenyr" multiplies the value of each numeral term "ven" through "noin" by one hundred, producing these terms:

3.1-1 venuenyr teuzuenyr dreezuenyr feuzuenyr foifuenyr
one hundred two hundred three hundred four hundred five hundred

3.1-2 sesuenyr sievenuenyr axtuenyr noinuenyr
six hundred seven hundred eight hundred nine hundred

e) The numeral terms just described can be juxtaposed in order of decreasing value to form terms for non-round figures from "teuzeux-ven" (21) to "noinuenyr-noineux- noin" (999). It is customury to hyphenate words in phrases that stand for two-to-three digit figures.

3.1-3> seseux-foif
sixty-five
dreezeux-noin
thirty-nine
axteux-sieven
eighty-seven
teuzeux-ven
twenty-one

3.1-4> venuenyr-teuzeux-teu
one hundred twenty-two
axtuenyr-foifeux-sieven
eight hundred fifty seven

f) Numeral terms for figures of one to three digits can be placed before each of these words to produce terms for figures of four or more digits.

tausend
thousand
tooses
million
toonoin
billion
tooteutien
trillion

3.1-5> teuzeux-teu tausend sievenuenyr-foifeux-teu tooses
twenty-two thousand seven hundred fifty two million
feu toonoin sesuenyr tooteutien
four billion six hundred trillion

g) Large figure terms occurring alone are less formal equivalents to large figure terms preceded by "ven." Note the similarity to English phrases such as "a thousand" vs. "one thousand."

3.1-6> tausand ven-tausand tooses ven-tooses
a thousand one thousand a million one million

h) Numeral phrases can be arranged in order of decreasing value to produce phrases for non-round figures of four or more digits. Written large figure terms like "toonoin" are followed by commas when they occur non-finally in a series.

3.1-7 foif toonoin, sievenuenyr-seseux-ses tooses, enuenyr-feuzeux-at tausand, sesuenyr-foifeux-teu
five billion, seven hundred and sixty six million, one hundred forty eight thousand, six hundred fifty two

3.2....ORDINAL NUMERAL TERMS: These are derived from cardinal numeral terms by adding the suffix "-aif" to the sole or last word in the term.

3.2-0> venaif
first
teuzaif
second
dreezaif
third
feuzaif
fourth
noin-tooses, sieveneux-sieven tausandaif
nine million seventy seven thousandth

3.3....RATIO TERMS:

a) Multiplicative numeral terms are derived from cardinal numeral terms by adding the suffix "-soo" to the sole or last word in the term.

3.3-1> teusoo
twice as many/much
dreesoo
three times as many/much
noin-tooses, sieveneux-sieven tausandesoo
nine million seventy seven thousand times as many/much

b) Reciprocal numeral terms are derived from cardinal numeral terms by adding the suffix "-gin" to the sole or last word in the term.

3.3-2> teugin
one half
dreegin
one third
feugin
one fourth
foifegin
one fifth
noin-tooses, sieveneux-sieven tausandegin
one nine million seventy seven thousandth

c) Both "vengin" and "vensoo" translate as either "one over one" or "just as many/much."

d) Terms for fractions consist of multiplicative numeral terms immediately followed by reciprocal numeral terms.

3.3-3> teusoo-dreegin
two thirds
feusoo-foifegin
four fifths
sievenuenyr-seseux-axtesoo noin tausend, sesuenyr-teuzeux-dreegin
seven hundred sixty eight over nine thousand, seven hundred twenty three

e) Goesk has no special terms for fractions expressed as digits to the right of the decimal point; one simply uses fraction-phrases containing reciprocal numerals that stand for denominators like "1/10," "1/100," "1/1000," and so on.

3.3-4> foifesoo-tiengin
five tenths; .5
dree-und-feutiensoo-venuenyrgin
hree and fourteen one-hundredths; 3.14
noineux-axt-und-sesesoo-tiengin
ninety eight and six tenths; 98.6

f) The suffix "-soo" can be attached to reciprocal numeral terms, creating terms for multiplicative fractions.

3.3-5> teuginsoo
half as much
feuginsoo
one fourth as much
teusoo-dreeginsoo
two thirds as much
feusoo-foifeginsoo
four fifths as much

3.4....NUMERAL TERMS AS NOUNS: Numeral nouns stand for abstract numbers or numeral symbols. For instance, "teu" can refer either to the positive integer, 2, or to the symbol "2." Cardinal numeral nouns are neuter.

3.4-0> Ven und ven sienant teu.
One and one are two.
Ik criebeut dreezuent teuzuen.
I wrote three twos.

3.5....NUMERAL PHRASES ARE PECULIAR: The words in a numeral phrase are each stressed separately, but only the last word in a numeral phrase takes numeral-word affixes (as seen above), or flexional affixes (as shown here).

3.5-1
nominative
dree tausand, sievenuenyr-noineux-ses
3,796 subject, predicate of linking verb, citation form

3.5-2
accusative
dree tausand, sievenuenyr-noineux-sesa
3,796 object

3.5-3
genitive
dree tausand, sievenuenyr-noineux-sesas
of 3,796

3.5-4
dative
dree tausand, sievenuenyr-noineux-sesai
to or for 3,796

b) In numeral phrases, flexional affixes occur after numeral word affixes.

3.5-5 dree tausand, sievenuenyr-noineux-sesaifas
of the 3,796th
note: "-aif" = ordinal; "-as" = genitive neuter


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